Notes: The regulations aim at Chinese postgraduates and it can be slightly adjusted for master’s and doctoral degrees conferment on international students. The curriculums and the qualifications of international postgraduates shall refer to the Regulations on Curriculum and Qualifications for International PhD Candidates and the Regulations on Curriculum and Qualifications for International Master Candidates.
I. General Provisions
Article 1 The regulations are stipulated for the purpose of implementing the Regulations on Academic Degrees of the People’s Republic of China according to the Interim Measures of the Regulations on Academic Degrees of the People’s Republic of China and the situations of the university.
Article 2 NUIST is authorized by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council to confer doctoral and master’s degrees on students in respective disciplines and majors.
II. Academic Degree Evaluation Committee
Article 3 The members of Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of NUIST range in number from 21 to 31 with tenure of two to three years. The committee has a chairman and several vice chairmen who are leading professors, associate professors or leaders with equivalent titles (i.e. the university president, vice presidents in charge of teaching affairs, scientific research and cultivation of postgraduates, or members with equivalent titles in scientific research institutes). Other members consist of professors, associate professors and experts leading certain teaching and research areas.
Article 4 The Academic Evaluation Committee shall assume responsibilities as follows:
1. Responsibilities of the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university
(1) To verify and approve the name list of applicants applying for master’s and doctoral degrees;
(2) To decide upon what and how many courses should be tested for students in pursuit of a master’s degree; to decide upon the scope of the exam concerning fundamental theories and specialized subjects for students in pursuit of a doctoral degree; to check and approve the chief examiners and the members of the Dissertation Defense Committee;
(3)To approve the final list of qualified undergraduates for a bachelor’s degree;
(4) To decide to confer master’s degree (or not);
(5) To examine the list of PhD candidates who are exempt from part or all of the courses;
(6) To decide to confer doctoral degree (or not);
(7) To approve the list of students who get honorary doctoral degree;
(8) To decide to revoke the resolution of degree conferment which is against relevant regulations;
(9) To select supervisors of master and PhD students;
(10) To deliberate and handle disputes concerning the academic degrees conferment and other affairs.
The resolution of the committee is formulated by secret ballot and it is valid by a vote of two thirds or above of the members present.
2. Each school and the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences may set up a sub-committee of academic degree evaluation according to their needs in work. A sub-committee consists of 7 to 15 members with tenure of two to three years. Each sub-committee has a chairman and a vice chairman. The chairman should be one member of the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university. The members of the sub-committee should be professors, associate professors or lecturers who are experts in their academic fields, engaged in teaching affairs and scientific research, qualified to open postgraduate courses and instruct postgraduates in research projects, and have made contributions to the construction and development of their disciplines and majors. The sub-committee membership should be approved by the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee.
The sub-committee shall assist the committee of the university in its work of conferring academic degrees. The major responsibilities of the sub-committee are as follows:
(1) To verify the qualification of the students applying for doctoral, master’s and bachelor’s degrees of the disciplines of its own departments and school, which include the requirements on political thoughts, cultivation process and academic excellence; to approve or reject the applications; to propose the list of qualified candidates for doctoral, master’s and bachelor’s degrees to the Academic Degree Committee of the university;
(2) To decide on the degree courses and formulate the examination requirements at doctoral, master’s and bachelor’s levels; to examine the dissertation reviewers and members of the Dissertation Defense Committee; to stipulate the cultivation program of postgraduates in relevant disciplines and specialties and submit them to the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university for approval;
(3) To examine the qualification of the teachers applying to be supervisors of master and PhD students of the disciplines of its own departments and school and submit relevant documents of qualified ones to the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university;
(4) To recommend quality dissertations from the school for university-wide and province-wide excellent graduation dissertations for doctoral and master’s degrees and nationwide excellent graduation dissertations for doctoral degree
(5) To handle major issues concerning the postgraduate cultivation in the departments and the school.
The resolution of the sub-committee is formulated by secret ballot and it is valid by a vote of two thirds or above of the members present
III. Qualifications of Degree Candidates
Article 5 Qualified degree candidates shall support the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist mechanism and attain the academic standards stipulated in the relevant regulations. The basic requirements are as follows:
1. Perform well in both academic study and work.
2. Complete all the degree courses, gain the required credits and pass all the courses according to the requirements stipulated in the cultivation programs and the teaching plan.
3. Get recognition of the dissertations from the supervisors or the referrers.
Candidates meeting the above requirements can apply for the corresponding degree according to the regulations. Candidates cannot apply for two degree-conferring units at the same time.
Degree applicants should submit the documents to the sub–committee in relevant schools, including the degree application form (two copies), academic transcript, recommendation letter from the supervisor, all the relevant materials of dissertation defense, complete version of the dissertation and its detailed abstract in both Chinese and English. Dean of each school shall organize members of the Sub-committee of Academic Degree Evaluation to deliberate on the applications. After the consent of the sub-committee, the evaluation form shall be filled in and submitted to the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university for approval.
Graduating master’s and doctoral candidates or students with the same educational level in units that cannot confer degrees shall submit their application for degree conferment to the corresponding schools, together with the complete version of the dissertation, the detailed abstract both in Chinese and English and two recommendation letters from professors, associate professors or experts with equivalent titles. The referrals shall introduce in the letters the theoretical level, expertise, basic skills, research abilities, foreign languages skills, learning attitude and research spirit of the applicant and the academic remark on the dissertation. The sub-committee of corresponding schools shall examine the degree course grades, academic achievements and etc. of each applicant and organize a dissertation defense for qualified applicants.
IV. Academic Requirements of Degrees
Article 6 The applicants for doctoral or master’s degree shall pass all the tests of degree courses and the dissertation defense and meet the following academic requirements in order to apply for the academic degrees.
1. Requirements for Applying for Doctoral Degree:
(1) A mastery of the fundamental theories of Marxist philosophy;
(2) A mastery of both extensive theoretical knowledge and intensive expertise of the discipline;
(3) The ability of conducting scientific research independently;
(4) Creative achievements in scientific research and special skills;
(5) The ability of reading relevant academic literature in the first foreign language proficiently and writing in the first foreign language; preliminary ability of reading relevant academic literature in the second foreign language;
(6) The academic achievements satisfy Regulations on PhD Candidates Applying for Doctoral Degree and Submitting Academic Achievements and Supplementary Regulations of NUIST on PhD Candidates Applying for Doctoral Degree and Submitting Academic Achievements.
2. Requirements for Applying for Master’s Degree
(1) A mastery of the fundamental theories of Marxist philosophy;
(2) A mastery of both extensive theoretical knowledge and intensive expertise of the discipline;
(3) Innovative ideas in the dissertations for master’s degree, which indicates that the author is able to conduct scientific research, teaching or specific technical work independently;
(4) The ability of reading relevant academic literature in the first foreign language proficiently;
(5) The academic achievements satisfy Regulations of NUIST on Master Candidates Applying for Master’s Degree and Submitting Dissertation.
V. Examinations and Requirements of Degree Courses
Article 7 The applicants for doctoral or master’s degree shall meet the following requirements to apply for the academic degrees.
1. Examinations for Doctoral Degree:
(1) Political theories
(2) The first foreign language
(3) Fundamental theories and specialized courses, usually three to four courses
The examinations of the courses shall be organized and implemented in accordance with the requirements of the academic level of doctoral degree combined with relevant cultivation programs and teaching plans. Qualified PhD students shall gain required credits stipulated in cultivation programs and pass all the exams.
2. Examinations for Master’s Degree:
(1) Political theories (Dialectics of Nature and Scientific Socialist Theories and Practice)
(2) The first foreign language
(3) Fundamental theories and specialized courses, usually three to four courses
The examinations of the courses shall be organized and implemented in accordance with the requirements of the academic level of master’s degree combined with relevant cultivation programs and teaching plans. Qualified master students shall gain required credits stipulated in cultivation programs and pass all the exams.
Students can re-study the course with the next grade if they fail in the examination and attend the same examination with students of the next grade. The score shall be recorded as a normal examination.
Graduating master’s and doctoral candidates or students with the same educational level in units that cannot confer degrees shall take part in the examinations of degree courses. They can be exempt from the examinations on the condition that they have already participated in relevant examinations organized by units that cannot confer degrees and the papers and the academic transcripts have been submitted and verified. Students who have passed all the exanimations can attend the dissertation defense. Students can apply for a make-up examination if they fail in a course within 6 months. Those who fail in the make-up examination cannot attend the dissertation defense.
VI. Basic Requirements of Dissertation
Article 8 Basic Requirements of Postgraduate’s Dissertation
Basic Requirements of Doctoral Dissertation:
1. The topic selection and findings of the dissertation has significant guidance to the economic development theoretically or practically;
2. The dissertation shall be written in reasonable arguments and deliberative analysis, which indicate the extensive theoretical knowledge and intensive expertise of the author;
3. The dissertation shall reflect innovative findings in science or specific technologies, which indicates the author’s ability of conducting scientific research independently;
4. PhD students shall complete the dissertation independently under the instruction of the supervisors. Generally the research and the writing of the dissertation shall last no less than two years.
Basic Requirements of Master’s Dissertation:
1. Master students shall complete the dissertation independently under the instruction of the supervisors. The dissertation shall be the research findings of students themselves. Popular papers, thesis of vague theories, writings of comprehensive achievements of others or translated articles are not regarded as students’ findings;
2. The fundamental scientific ideas, conclusion and implications of the dissertation shall offer theoretical inspirations and applicable values to the development of domestic economy;
3. The problems involved in the dissertation shall reflect the solid theoretical foundation and systematic expertise of the author in his/her discipline;
4. The author shall be equipped with certain research techniques and methodological skills (e.g. computing, experimental skills, detection and measuring skills), which indicate the author’s abilities of conducting scientific research and specific technical work independently;
5. The author shall have innovative ideas or manage the theoretical or practical findings in the reach acquired by the dissertation.
Article 9 The dissertation shall include:
1. Title: the summary of the core content of the dissertation;
2. Contents: the outline of the dissertation, i.e. the subtitles of the parts;
3. Preface and review: the part which briefly states the innovative understandings of the topic, the dissertation’s basic contention and the problems solved and gives an overall introduction to the previous research work and makes relevant comments;
4. Body: the trunk of the essay which requires theoretical arguments or statistics analysis or comparison. The argument shall be reasonable and deliberative. The reference shall be first-handed. The writing shall be coherent, logical and refined with clarified key concepts and clear and neat graphs and tables;
5. Conclusion: the general objective of the whole dissertation. The conclusion shall be complete, accurate and assertive. The conclusion is not the simple enumeration of the research findings. Instead, it shall be the core opinion extracted by analysis, deduction, judgment and induction on the basis of theoretical and statistics analysis;
6. Reference: the main reference books and articles with attribution;
7. Appendix: the part including detailed illustration of formulas, graphs and symbols, connotations and measures which make the body too redundant if placed in the part of body;
8. Abstract: the summary of the key points and major conclusions of the dissertation. It has two kinds:
(1) The abstract in both Chinese and English that precedes the body of the dissertation.
(2) The detailed abstract for the examination of the discipline evaluation committee and its counterparts. It is around 2000 Chinese characters in length which includes:
a. The reason of study and its purpose and the significance;
b. Work conducted independently during the research and writing;
c. Major conclusions and its theoretical and practical significance.
VII. Procedures of Dissertation Review
Article 10 Dissertations of PhD candidates shall go through anonymous review. Dissertations of master’s degree candidates shall go through anonymous review by the principle of random drawing. Master’s dissertations that are not chosen for the concealed evaluation can be reviewed by the schools in accordance with the relevant notice of the year issued by the Graduate School.
Postgraduates’ dissertations shall be submitted at least two or three months ahead of the dissertation defense. Supervisors shall refer to the requirements of the regulations to strictly evaluate the dissertations. If the dissertations are qualified for review, supervisors shall present a detailed academic evaluation of the dissertations and remarks on the study and research performance of the students. The dissertations can be submitted for printing after the schools approve it.
Article 11 Review Procedures of Postgraduate’s Dissertation
1. Postgraduates shall pass the exams of all degree courses and complete all the compulsory parts in the cultivation program, and their dissertations are reviewed and approved by the supervisors.
2. Postgraduates shall publish academic papers according to relevant regulations of the university.
3. The dissertation evaluation shall be organized in accordance with relevant notices and requirements of the Graduate School. Applicants of doctoral degree shall submit the dissertations in quadruplicate to relevant schools and in triplicate to the Graduate School respectively for review. For master's dissertations that are chosen for anonymous review, applicants shall submit the dissertations in duplicate to the Graduate School.
Article 12 The reviewers of doctoral dissertations shall be seven professors or experts with the equivalent professional title in the same research field, at least three of which shall be supervisors for PhD students and three of which shall be experts from outside. The supervisors of the doctoral degree candidates shall not participate in the dissertation review.
The reviewers of master’s dissertations shall be two experts with the equivalent titles with professors or associate professors, one of which shall be expert from outside. The supervisors of the master’s degree candidates shall not participate in the dissertation review.
Article 13 Reviewers shall present detailed academic comments after the review and offer a final conclusion: “Approval for Defense”, “Defense after Revision”, “Revision for Second Review” or “Disapproval for Defense”. The comments shall contain the following aspects:
1. The theoretical and practical significance of the dissertation;
2. Whether the argumentation is fully supported and credible;
3. The level in terms of fundamental theories, expertise, research methods and skills of the students;
4. Logicality, skillfulness, merits and defects of the writing;
5. Whether the dissertation is approved to submit for defense; whether the dissertation reaches the level of publishing in academic journals; whether the dissertation achieves the standards for a doctoral degree or a master’s degree.
Article 14 Conducts after Anonymous Review of Doctoral Dissertation
1. PhD candidates can apply for defense if they get “Approval for Defense” or they made corresponding revision after they receive the notice of “Defense after Revision” in the anonymous review.
2. PhD candidates shall revise and accomplish the dissertations and then submit the papers to previous reviewers for a second review if they receive the notice of “Revision for Second Review”. They can apply for defense if the dissertations pass the second review.
3. PhD candidates shall respect reviewers’ opinions, revise the dissertations carefully and get approval from the supervisors before they submit the papers to experts outside the university for a second review if they receive any notice of “Disapproval for Defense”. More experts will be invited in the second review. Applicants shall extend the dissertation defense at least six months if they receive the notice of “Disapproval for Defense” from two experts.
4. PhD candidates can forward to appealing procedures with the approval of their supervisors if they hold objections against the result of the second review.
Applicants shall propose clear appealing reasons with their supervisors’ written comments. Their dissertations will be submitted to the schools that grant degrees for examination and then reported to Academic Degree Office for approval, after which the dissertations can be forwarded to two experts outside the reviewers’ panel. Applicants can apply for defense if both experts give the opinion of “Approval for Defense”; if any expert gives the opinion of “Disapproval for Defense”, the candidates shall not apply for defense this time.
Article 15 Conducts after Anonymous Review of Master’s Dissertation
1. If two reviewers give the opinion of “Approval for Defense”, the dissertation passes the anonymous review, and if they give the opinion of “Revision for Second Review”, the applicant shall revise the dissertation accordingly for a second review. If two reviewers give the opinion of “Disapproval for Defense”, the dissertation is judged unqualified. If one reviewer gives the opinion of “Disapproval for Defense”, the defense shall be postponed. In this case the applicant shall submit the dissertation to another reviewer outside the university for a re-evaluation, and the dissertation passes the anonymous review if the expert agrees on the defense, while it is judged unqualified if the expert also holds the opinion of “Disapproval for Defense”.
2. Master degree candidates who pass the dissertation review can attend the dissertation defense. They shall revise their dissertations and postpone the defense time for at least three months if they fail in the review.
Article 16 Experts in the panel of the anonymous review are randomly chosen by the Graduate School. Other reviewers shall be examined and approved by the academic degree evaluation sub-committee of relevant schools and the name list shall be forwarded to the Graduate School for the record.
VIII. Dissertation Defense Committee
Article 17 Organization and Responsibilities of the Dissertation Defense Committee
1. Each school organizes the Dissertation Defense Committee.
The Dissertation Defense Committee of doctoral degree consists of five to seven experts (professors or experts with the equivalent professional title), at least three of which shall be supervisors of PhD students and two to three shall be experts from outside. Among them, at least one third shall be experts affiliated to the relevant school. The chairman of the committee shall be an academic pacemaker or a renowned expert in the field. Supervisors of the candidates can not join the defense committee.
The Dissertation Defense Committee of master’s degree consists of three to five experts (associate professors or experts with the equivalent professional title) and at least one expert from outside shall be included. Among them, one third shall be experts affiliated to the relevant school. The chairman of the committee shall be a professor or an expert with the equivalent professional title. Supervisors of the candidates can not join the defense committee.
A secretary assists the committee in organizing the dissertation defense. He/she shall attend the whole course of the defense and arrange relevant materials.
2. The Dissertation Defense Committee organizes the dissertation defense.
Article 18 The Dissertation Defense Committee shall adhere to the academic standards and the realistic and scientific attitude as well as guarantee the quality of the dissertation and the just and rational judgments. Committee members shall read the dissertation and prepare questions beforehand. The dissertation defense shall be conducted in the spirit of academic democracy and is open to the public. The committee’s resolution of conferring doctoral or master’s degree shall be made by secret ballot and it is valid by a vote of two thirds or above of all the members.
The organization and the reception of the dissertation defense shall be carried out by relevant schools. Degree applicants shall neither participate in reception nor ask the defense questions. The comments of reviewers and the defense questions of the committee shall be released during the defense and they shall be kept strictly confidential to the students before the defense. Otherwise, the dissertation defense shall be declared void.
Article 19 Procedures of Dissertation Defense:
1. The committee secretary announces the chairman and other members of the Dissertation Defense Committee;
2. The chairperson presides over the defense and announces the name, major, supervisor, title of the dissertation and the academic degree applied for;
3. The degree applicants present the major contents of the dissertation;
4. The members of the committee raise questions, the applicants give answers and the secretary takes detailed records;
5. The committee shall deliberate on the performance of the applicants. The chairman shall read the comments of the supervisors and reviewers on the students’ academic studies and research, introduce the applicants’ academic records and daily performance, make comments on the defense process, decide on the standards of evaluating the dissertation and write the academic review of the dissertation and the resolution of the committee. In accordance with the above requirements, secret ballot will be conducted by the Dissertation Defense Committee to produce the final resolution whether to confer the doctoral and master’s degrees on applicants;
The dissertation may pass or fail. The grade of the dissertation may be Excellent, Qualified or Unqualified.
6. The chairman shall announce the result of voting, read the comments on the dissertation and the proposal of resolution paper concerning doctoral or master’s degree conferment. The resolution paper shall be signed by the chairman and submitted to the academic degree evaluation sub-committee of the school. The contents of the conference shall be recorded;
7. The thesis defense shall last no less than 45 minutes for master’s degree applicants and 90 minutes for doctoral degree applicants.
Article 20 Postgraduates who do not pass the defense can revise the master’s dissertation within one year or the doctoral dissertation within two years and apply for a make-up defense after the approval of the Dissertation Defense Committee and the Graduate School. Students who pass the make-up defense can get their academic degrees in the next year. No defense is available in case that the make-up defense failed.
If a doctoral dissertation reaches the academic level of master’s dissertation instead of doctoral dissertation, and the author does not have the master’s degree in this discipline, the Dissertation Defense Committee may propose the resolution of awarding the applicant the master’s degree and report it to the sub-committee of academic degree evaluation. It shall be examined and approved eventually by the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university.
IX. Academic Degree Evaluation and Conferment
Article 21 After the dissertation defense, the committee secretary shall arrange relevant materials and submit them to the Sub-committee of Academic Degree Evaluation for approval, which include the resolution formulated by the Dissertation Defense Committee (with the signature of the chairman) on degree conferment, applicants’ degree application form, academic transcripts, dissertation and detailed abstract, recommendation letters from experts, review of the dissertation, record, resolution paper and votes of the committee. The sub-committee shall evaluate the materials according to part III, IV, V, VI and VIIof the regulations and conduct secret ballot to decide on the conferment of doctoral or master’s degree. The resolution of degree conferment is valid by a vote of two thirds or above of the members present and it shall be reported to the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university for approval.
The Graduate School shall collect relevant materials of degree recipients and transfer these records to the Comprehensive Archives Office of the university.
Article 22 In principle, the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university and the sub-committee won’t verify the case that the Dissertation Defense Committee does not suggest for degree conferment. However, the Committee will organize another evaluation for controversial cases. For students whose dissertation actually reaches the standards of degree conferment, the Committee shall make the resolution of conferring doctoral or master’s degree on them. For students whose dissertation is found unqualified in the new evaluation, the Committee shall reject the degree conferment resolution of the Dissertation Defense Committee.
Article 23 Degree applicants meeting the requirements stipulated in part III, IV, V, VI and VII can be awarded doctoral or master’s degree.
The resolution of the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee shall be conducted by secret ballot in the conference instead of absentee ballot. The resolution of degree conferment is valid by a vote of two thirds or above of members present.
Article 24 Doctoral and master’s degrees cannot be conferred in any of the following situations:
1. Students have not met the requirements stipulated in part III, IV, V, VI and VII of the regulations;
2. Students failed in the dissertation defense;
3. Students got the disciplinary penalties of demerit, probation and expulsion due to the violation of university rules and regulations;
4. Students cheated in the course examinations or the dissertation writing and the violations were serious;
5. Students have not attained required credits of degree courses or failed in some degree course.
Article 25 The conferment of doctoral and master’s degrees shall be suspended in any of the following situations:
1. Students cheated in the course examinations or the dissertation writing but have not received penalties yet;
2. Students got the disciplinary penalties of warning and serious warning and the inspection is less than one year and there is no obvious improvement upon graduation. These students will be awarded the degree one year after the graduation on the condition that the work units certify that they have shown repentance and improvements during the year.
Article 26 The certificates of doctoral degree and master’s degree shall be uniformly printed by the Office of Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council and awarded to degree recipients by the university president.
The validity date of the certificates is the date when the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university made the resolution of degree conferment.
Article 27 In case of the confirmation of wrong conferment or the detection of violations against the academic degree regulations, the Academic Degree Evaluation Committee of the university shall organize a review and may revoke, cancel or withdraw the degree certificates of unqualified students.
Article 28 In case of any discrepancies between The Detailed Regulations and the regulations stipulated by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, the latter shall prevail.